Hearing Loss Treatment and Intervention Services | CDC (2023)

Hearing Loss Treatment and Intervention Services | CDC (1)

No single treatment or intervention is the answer for every child or family. Good intervention plans will include close monitoring, follow-ups and any changes needed along the way. There are many different options for children with hearing loss and their families.

Some of the treatment and intervention options include:

  • Working with a professional (or team) who can help a child and family learn to communicate.
  • Getting a hearing device, such as a hearing aid.
  • Joining support groups.
  • Taking advantage of other resources available to children with a hearing loss and their families.

Early Intervention and Special Education

Early Intervention (0-3 years)

Hearing loss can affect a child’s ability to develop speech, language, and social skills. The earlier a child who is deaf or hard-of-hearing starts getting services, the more likely the child’s speech, language, and social skills will reach their full potential.

(Video) Congenital hearing loss: Diagnosis and treatment

Early intervention program services help young children with hearing loss learn language skills and other important skills. Research shows that early intervention services can greatly improve a child’s development.

Babies that are diagnosed with hearing loss should begin to get intervention services as soon as possible, but no later than 6 months of age.

There are many services available through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 2004 (IDEA 2004). Services for children from birth through 36 months of age are called Early Intervention or Part C services. Even if your child has not been diagnosed with a hearing loss, he or she may be eligible for early intervention treatment services. The IDEA 2004 says that children under the age of 3 years (36 months) who are at risk of having developmental delays may be eligible for services. These services are provided through an early intervention system in your state. Through this system, you can ask for an evaluation.

Special Education (3-22 years)

Special education is instruction specifically designed to address the educational and related developmental needs of older children with disabilities, or those who are experiencing developmental delays. Services for these children are provided through the public school system. These services are available through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 2004 (IDEA 2004), Part B.

Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) Program

Every state has an Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) program. EHDI works to identify infants and children with hearing loss. EHDI also promotes timely follow-up testing and services or interventions for any family whose child has a hearing loss. If your child has a hearing loss or if you have any concerns about your child’s hearing, call toll free 1-800-CDC-INFO or contact your local EHDI Program coordinator to find available services in your state.

Technology

Many people who are deaf or hard-of-hearing have some hearing. The amount of hearing a deaf or hard-of-hearing person has is called “residual hearing”. Technology does not “cure” hearing loss, but may help a child with hearing loss to make the most of their residual hearing. For those parents who choose to have their child use technology, there are many options, including:

(Video) Part 2: Early Intervention Services for Children With Hearing Loss

  • Hearing aids
  • Cochlear or brainstem implants
  • Bone-anchored hearing aids
  • Other assistive devices

Hearing Aids

Hearing Loss Treatment and Intervention Services | CDC (2)

Hearing aids make sounds louder. They can be worn by people of any age, including infants. Babies with hearing loss may understand sounds better using hearing aids. This may give them the chance to learn speech skills at a young age.

There are many styles of hearing aids. They can help many types of hearing losses. A young child is usually fitted with behind-the-ear style hearing aids because they are better suited to growing ears.

Cochlearand Auditory Brainstem Implants

A cochlear implant may help many children with severe to profound hearing loss — even very young children. It gives that child a way to hear when a hearing aid is not enough. Unlike a hearing aid, cochlear implants do not make sounds louder. A cochlear implant sends sound signals directly to the hearing nerve.

Persons with severe to profound hearing loss due to an absent or very small hearing nerve or severely abnormal inner ear (cochlea), may not benefit from a hearing aid or cochlear implant. Instead an auditory brainstem implant may provide some hearing. An auditory brainstem implant directly stimulates the hearing pathways in the brainstem, bypassing the inner ear and hearing nerve.

Both cochlear and brainstem implants have two main parts. There are the parts that are placed inside the inner ear, the cochlea, or base of the brain, the brainstem during surgery; and the parts outside the ear that send sounds to the parts inside the ear.

(Video) Hearing Loss Program

Bone-Anchored Hearing Aids

This type of hearing aid can be considered when a child has either a conductive, mixed or unilateral hearing loss and is specifically suitable for children who cannot otherwise wear ‘in the ear’ or ‘behind the ear’ hearing aids.

Other Assistive Devices

Besides hearing aids, there are other devices that help people with hearing loss. Following are some examples of other assistive devices:

  • FM System
    An FM system is a kind of device that helps people with hearing loss hear in background noise. FM stands for frequency modulation. It is the same type of signal used for radios. FM systems send sound from a microphone used by someone speaking to a person wearing the receiver. This system is sometimes used with hearing aids. An extra piece is attached to the hearing aid that works with the FM system.
  • Captioning
    Many television programs, videos, and DVDs are captioned. Television sets made after 1993 are made to show the captioning. You don’t have to buy anything special. Captions show the conversation spoken in soundtrack of a program on the bottom of the television screen.
  • Other devices
    There are many other devices available for children with hearing loss. Some of these include:
  • Text messaging
  • Telephone amplifiers
  • Flashing and vibrating alarms
  • Audio loop systems
  • Infrared listening devices
  • Portable sound amplifiers
  • TTY (Text Telephone or teletypewriter)

Medical and Surgical

Medications or surgery may also help make the most of a person’s hearing. This is especially true for a conductive hearing loss, or one that involves a part of the outer or middle ear that is not working in the usual way.

Hearing Loss Treatment and Intervention Services | CDC (3)

One type of conductive hearing loss can be caused by a chronic ear infection. A chronic ear infection is a build-up of fluid behind the eardrum in the middle ear space. Most ear infections are managed with medication or careful monitoring. Infections that don’t go away with medication can be treated with a simple surgery that involves putting a tiny tube into the eardrum to drain the fluid out.

Another type of conductive hearing loss is caused by either the outer and or middle ear not forming correctly while the baby was growing in the mother’s womb. Both the outer and middle ear need to work together in order for sound to be sent correctly to the inner ear. If any of these parts did not form correctly, there might be a hearing loss in that ear. This problem may be improved and perhaps even corrected with surgery. An ear, nose, and throat doctor (otolaryngologist) is the health care professional who usually takes care of this problem.

(Video) Speech Therapist & Audiologist: How to Treat Children With Hearing Loss | SLP Full Disclosure EP 34

Placing a cochlear implant, auditory brainstem implant, or bone-anchored hearing aid will also require a surgery.

Learning Language

Without extra help, children with hearing loss have problems learning language. These children can then be at risk for other delays. Families who have children with hearing loss often need to change their communication habits or learn special skills (such as sign language) to help their children learn language. These skills can be used together with hearing aids, cochlear or auditory brainstem implants, and other devices that help children hear.

Read about learning language

Family Support Services

For many parents, their child’s hearing loss is unexpected. Parents sometimes need time and support to adapt to the child’s hearing loss.

Parents of children with recently identified hearing loss can seek different kinds of support. Support is anything that helps a family and may include advice, information, having the chance to get to know other parents that have a child with hearing loss, locating a deaf mentor, finding childcare or transportation, giving parents time for personal relaxation or just a supportive listener.

FAQs

Which of the following is considered an effective treatment for someone with hearing loss based on nerve damage? ›

Treatment. There is no medical or surgical method of repairing the tiny hair-like cells of the inner ear or the auditory nerve if they are damaged. However, sensorineural hearing loss can be treated with hearing aids or cochlear implants, depending on the severity of the loss.

What are 3 types of treatment for hearing loss? ›

Options include:
  • Removing wax blockage. Earwax blockage is a reversible cause of hearing loss. ...
  • Surgical procedures. Some types of hearing loss can be treated with surgery, including abnormalities of the eardrum or bones of hearing (ossicles). ...
  • Hearing aids. ...
  • Cochlear implants.
16 Apr 2021

What are 3 nursing priorities with caring for hearing impaired patient? ›

Nursing interventions should focus on (a) cerumen management to reduce hearing impairment and allow for the use of hearing devices; (b) hearing device support so that residents can use hearing aids and/or other assistive listening devices; and (c) communication strategies so that conversations with residents can be ...

What is the best treatment for sudden hearing loss? ›

It is generally accepted that steroids (cortisone), taken orally over 1 to 2 weeks, are the single most beneficial treatment for sudden hearing loss, although they do not lead to improvement in every case. Sometimes an additional (“booster”) dose of steroids is injected directly into the ear.

At what percentage of hearing loss requires a hearing aid? ›

moderate if 41 to 55 dB. moderate-severe if 56 to 70 dB. severe if 71 to 90 dB. profound if greater than 90 dB.

What are the 4 types of hearing loss? ›

The four types of hearing loss are sensorineural, conductive, mixed (sensorineural and conductive) and auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD).

What exercises improve hearing? ›

A number of simple hearing exercises have been suggested by audiologists to improve hearing care.
  • Exercises for improving hearing health. Some people just recoil at the word "exercises'! ...
  • 1.Sound Focus through meditation. ...
  • 2.Sound Therapy. ...
  • 3.Singing in the Shower. ...
  • 4.Take Vocal Lessons. ...
  • 5.Aural Rehabilitation.
20 Feb 2017

What are the 5 levels of hearing loss? ›

There are 5 different levels of hearing loss: mild, moderate, moderately-severe, severe and profound. Mild Hearing Loss (26 dB- 40dB): this type of hearing loss is often associated with the inability to hear soft sounds. These sounds often include rustling leaves, bird chirping, or the refrigerator humming.

How can hearing loss be prevented? ›

Increase the distance between you and the source of the noise. Reduce your time in noisy areas. Always wear hearing protection in noisy areas, and if using foam plugs, insert them correctly. If you are listening to music or something else, keep the volume at a safe level and only listen in areas that are not noisy.

What are the intervention supporting strategies for hearing impairment children students? ›

Teaching Strategies
  • Encourage students with a hearing loss to seat themselves toward the front of the lecture theatre where they will have an unobstructed line of vision. ...
  • Use assistive listening devices such as induction loops if these are available in the lecture theatre. ...
  • Ensure that any background noise is minimised.

What is early intervention describe its importance for children with hearing impairment? ›

Early diagnosis and intervention

Children with severe to profound hearing loss can be treated as early as when they are eight months old with the help of cochlear implant surgery. With this surgery, the child can undergo aural habilitation and develop good hearing and speech.

How do you care for a hearing aid patient? ›

The following suggestions will help you care for hearing aids:
  1. Keep hearing aids away from heat and moisture.
  2. Replace dead batteries immediately.
  3. Clean hearing aids as instructed.
  4. Do not use hairspray or other hair care products while wearing hearing aids.
  5. Turn off hearing aids when they are not in use.
4 Nov 2021

Why is it important for people to take care of their vision and hearing? ›

Vision changes and hearing loss caused by the normal ageing process can increase your risk of falling. Having your vision and hearing checked regularly, and looking after your glasses or hearing aid so that they work well, can help to prevent a fall.

How long does it take to recover from hearing loss? ›

The recovery time for sudden hearing loss is usually within the first two weeks. The chances of full hearing recovery are smaller for patients with severe loss of hearing and when the sudden sensorineural hearing loss is accompanied by vertigo.

How do I know if my hearing loss is permanent or temporary? ›

Temporary hearing loss occurs with an ear infection, excessive ear wax, or exposure to loud noise. However, if hearing is lost and cannot be regained, it is considered permanent hearing loss.

What medications can cause sudden hearing loss? ›

Ototoxic medicines that may cause hearing loss include aminoglycosides, macrolide antibiotics, antimalarials, platinum-based antineoplastic agents, anti-inflammatory medicines and loop diuretics (Table 1)2.

What level of hearing loss is considered a disability? ›

A hearing in noise test (HINT) will be performed to determine whether the person can recognize sentences that are presented at 60 decibels. If the person scores 60 percent or less on a word recognition test, their hearing loss will be recognized as a disability.

Does your hearing get worse if you don't wear hearing aid? ›

For those experiencing hearing loss, many often wonder if their hearing gets worse if they don't wear a hearing aid. If you have hearing loss and have been advised to wear a hearing aid, the rate at which your hearing deteriorates will not be affected whether you wear the hearing aid or not.

What percentage of hearing loss is considered severe? ›

Mild hearing loss: Hearing loss of 20 to 40 decibels. Moderate hearing loss: Hearing loss of 41 to 60 decibels. Severe hearing loss: Hearing loss of 61 to 80 decibels. Profound hearing loss or deafness: Hearing loss of more than 81 decibels.

What is the main cause of hearing loss? ›

Loud noise is one of the most common causes of hearing loss. Noise from lawn mowers, snow blowers, or loud music can damage the inner ear, resulting in permanent hearing loss. Loud noise also contributes to tinnitus.

How does hearing loss affect the brain? ›

“Brain scans show us that hearing loss may contribute to a faster rate of atrophy in the brain,” Lin says. “Hearing loss also contributes to social isolation. You may not want to be with people as much, and when you are you may not engage in conversation as much. These factors may contribute to dementia.”

What is the most common form of hearing loss? ›

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural loss is the most common type of hearing loss. It can be a result of aging, exposure to loud noise, injury, disease, certain drugs or an inherited condition.

What vitamins help hearing? ›

If your hearing loss is related to exposure to loud noise, consider vitamins A, C, and E taken alongside magnesium. If your hearing loss is simply an effect of growing older, folic acid may help keep your ears sharp. To reduce noise-induced hearing loss, vitamins A, C, and E coupled with magnesium may be the answer.

Does walking improve hearing? ›

Take a walk

Hearing health professionals believe exercise increases the blood flow to the ear. Good blood flow is essential to the health of the tiny hair cells in the inner ear which are responsible for translating the sound your ears collect into electrical impulses for your brain to translate.

What is a good hearing test score? ›

An adult is classified as having normal hearing ability if their responses indicate they heard noises between 0 and 25 dB across the frequency range. A child is considered to have hearing ability within normal limits if their responses are between 0 to 15 dB across the frequency range.

Is hearing loss considered a disability? ›

If You Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (En español)

You may be entitled to receive Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI). To learn if you or someone you know may be eligible for these programs, visit our Disability Benefits or SSI Benefits pages.

How can you prevent hearing loss naturally? ›

Here are eight tips to help keep your ears as sharp as possible.
  1. Avoid Too Much Noise. How loud is too loud? ...
  2. Be a Quiet Enforcer. ...
  3. Limit Loud Sounds in Your Life. ...
  4. Wear Hearing Protection. ...
  5. Don't Smoke. ...
  6. Remove Earwax Properly. ...
  7. Check Medications for Hearing Risks. ...
  8. Have Your Hearing Tested.
9 Jun 2021

How can I restore my hearing naturally? ›

Boots Hearingcare takes a look at how to improve hearing and what you can do right now to hear better...
  1. Meditation. More and more, people are turning to meditation for improving their hearing health. ...
  2. Stop Smoking. ...
  3. Yoga. ...
  4. Turn Down the Volume. ...
  5. Check for Ear Wax. ...
  6. Exercise Daily. ...
  7. Focus and Locate Sounds. ...
  8. Vitamins.

What are three causes of hearing loss? ›

Causes of hearing loss include:
  • Damage to the inner ear. ...
  • Gradual buildup of earwax. ...
  • Ear infection and abnormal bone growths or tumors. ...
  • Ruptured eardrum (tympanic membrane perforation).
16 Apr 2021

What are the importance of support services in the education of students with hearing difficulty? ›

Children with hearing loss require support services in order to benefit maximally from a free and appropriate education. For example, it is essential that they receive services from an audiologist, including management of their hearing aids, classroom listening devices, and listening environments.

How do you support a learner with hearing problems? ›

Lecture notes, handouts and copies of electronic presentations should be provided well in advance to students with hearing impairment to allow them to pre-read and prepare for class, e.g. learn new vocabulary, terminology, etc. Make every attempt to face the class at all times to allow for lip-reading.

What can teachers do to help students with hearing impairments? ›

What Teachers Can Do
  • Make seating changes. ...
  • Minimize background noise when possible. ...
  • Use an FM system. ...
  • Face students when you speak. ...
  • Use lots of pictures, graphics, and text labels. ...
  • Use technology to make learning easier. ...
  • Have a plan for missed instruction, assignments, and testing. ...
  • Talk about and celebrate differences.

What intervention is commonly utilized by people with hearing loss? ›

Cochlear Implants

A cochlear implant is a small electronic device that can help improve the hearing of people with severe, irreversible hearing loss. Although a cochlear implant does not restore normal hearing, it can allow a person to hear and understand more speech than was possible with a hearing aid.

Can hearing loss cause behavior problems? ›

Hearing-impaired children face multiple problems regarding their behavior. The outcomes implicate that professionals should be aware of the higher risk of developing behavioral problems, in order to screen, detect, and treat in time.

Who helps with hearing impairment? ›

If you lose your hearing suddenly, in one or both ears, you must see your GP as soon as possible. Your GP can check for any problems and may refer you to an audiologist (hearing specialist) or an ENT surgeon for further tests. You can also visit the Action on Hearing Loss website for an online hearing test.

Is there a cure for nerve damage in ears? ›

Auditory neuropathy is a rare type of hearing loss. It is caused by disruption of the nerve impulses travelling from the inner ear to the brain, although what causes this is unknown, and there is no cure.

What causes nerve damage in the ear? ›

Aging and exposure to loud noise may cause wear and tear on the hairs or nerve cells in the cochlea that send sound signals to the brain. When these hairs or nerve cells are damaged or missing, electrical signals aren't transmitted as efficiently, and hearing loss occurs.

Why do I need an MRI scan for hearing loss? ›

An MRI scan may reveal a growth on the nerve pathway that connects the ear to the brain, such as an acoustic neuroma. These growths can prevent the ear from functioning well and may cause hearing loss.

What part of the brain is affected by hearing loss? ›

In individuals with complete hearing loss, cortical brain areas that are normally responsible for processing auditory input, such as the primary auditory cortex (Heschl's gyrus) and the secondary auditory cortex (planum temporale), are taken over by the remaining intact senses.

What exercises improve hearing? ›

A number of simple hearing exercises have been suggested by audiologists to improve hearing care.
  • Exercises for improving hearing health. Some people just recoil at the word "exercises'! ...
  • 1.Sound Focus through meditation. ...
  • 2.Sound Therapy. ...
  • 3.Singing in the Shower. ...
  • 4.Take Vocal Lessons. ...
  • 5.Aural Rehabilitation.
20 Feb 2017

Can hearing nerves regenerate? ›

Inner ear cells of humans and other mammals lack the capacity to divide or regenerate; therefore, damage to the inner ear, in particular to the hair cells, leads to permanent hearing loss.

How do I know if my hearing loss is permanent or temporary? ›

Temporary hearing loss occurs with an ear infection, excessive ear wax, or exposure to loud noise. However, if hearing is lost and cannot be regained, it is considered permanent hearing loss.

What is the most common cause of hearing loss? ›

Loud noise is one of the most common causes of hearing loss. Noise from lawn mowers, snow blowers, or loud music can damage the inner ear, resulting in permanent hearing loss. Loud noise also contributes to tinnitus.

What are the 5 levels of hearing loss? ›

There are 5 different levels of hearing loss: mild, moderate, moderately-severe, severe and profound. Mild Hearing Loss (26 dB- 40dB): this type of hearing loss is often associated with the inability to hear soft sounds. These sounds often include rustling leaves, bird chirping, or the refrigerator humming.

What diseases can cause hearing loss? ›

Some causes of hearing loss in adults include:
  • Otosclerosis. This is a middle ear disease. ...
  • Ménière's disease. This is an inner ear problem. ...
  • Autoimmune inner ear disease. ...
  • Ototoxic medications. ...
  • Very loud noise. ...
  • Acoustic neuroma. ...
  • Physical head injury. ...
  • Presbycusis.

How can I strengthen my ear nerves? ›

Boots Hearingcare takes a look at how to improve hearing and what you can do right now to hear better...
  1. Meditation. More and more, people are turning to meditation for improving their hearing health. ...
  2. Stop Smoking. ...
  3. Yoga. ...
  4. Turn Down the Volume. ...
  5. Check for Ear Wax. ...
  6. Exercise Daily. ...
  7. Focus and Locate Sounds. ...
  8. Vitamins.

What kind of tumor causes hearing loss? ›

An acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma) is a benign tumor that develops on the balance (vestibular) and hearing, or auditory (cochlear) nerves leading from your inner ear to the brain, as shown in the top image. The pressure on the nerve from the tumor may cause hearing loss and imbalance.

What is a bear test? ›

Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) is a test to measure the brain wave activity that occurs in response to clicks or certain tones.

Is tinnitus the same as hearing loss? ›

Although severe tinnitus can interfere with your hearing, the condition does not cause hearing loss. Tinnitus is a symptom associated with many ear disorders. A common cause of tinnitus is inner ear damage. Tiny, delicate hairs in your inner ear move with the pressure of sound waves.

Videos

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4. LSHSS Forum on Children With Mild and Unilateral Hearing Loss
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6. Part 3: Speech and Language Development for Children With Hearing Loss
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